4 Butterflies & Moths Bioblitz 2017

Lepidoptera

(Moths and Butterflies)

 

Butterflies

Very few butterflies were seen, possibly due to the constant rain (moths on the other hand seem to like rain: see below)

Family Nymphalidae (family that includes common crow, blue tiger, the American monarch and many others)

  • Ringlet (appears from the photo most similar to rock ringlet Hypocysta euphemia, but this is more commonly found in granite or sandstone country, and the common ringlet Hypocysta etirius may be more likely)
  • Common Eggfly or Blue Moon Butterfly (Hypolimnas bolina) – Asher Nicholls, Siganto Street (about 10km south of Skywalk)
  • Monarch Butterfly (Danaus plexippus) - Asher Nicholls, Siganto Street
Ringlet butterfly (Rock singlet??), Nymphalidae, Skyewalk. Photo Ronda Green. Part of hindwing damaged, allowing aper wing pattern to show through

Ringlet butterfly (Rock ringlet??), Nymphalidae, Skyewalk. Photo Ronda Green. Part of hindwing damaged, allowing a small section of the upper wing pattern to show through

 

Moths

There is such a multitude of moth species, some of them very small, and so many similar species, the only way to seriously explore what is present is to sample them and examine them under the microscope. Thus light traps were employed on each of three nights: the entry is too small to admit larger creatures although small beetles and other insects can also enter.

A large collection from the Bioblitz is currently in the process of sorting and identification, and preliminary results are presented below.

Prof. Roger Kitching, who led the moth-collecting team, notified us on  29th October that:

  • 524 moths were sampled
  • This included about 184 different spp.
  • 63 ± were named to date.
  • It is still a work in progress

Further progress, and a list of moths so far, were presented in late November (see below)

Roger has informed us that rainy evenings are excellent for moths.  This came as a surprise to some, as butterflies seem to avoid flying in the rain.

The light traps were set in two habitats within the Thunderbird Park property: rainforest and sclerophyll (or open) forest dominated by eucalypts (“sclerophyll” means “hard leaf”, and “open” refers to the more open canopy as opposed to the rainforest, admitting more light).  A greater diversity was collected from the sclerophyll forest, possibly because there were rainforest plants in the understory, providing habitat for caterpillars and adults relying on either rainforest or sclerophyll plants.

Roger Kitching and helpers sorting moths caught in light traps

Roger Kitching and helpers Amanda, Lu and Emma  sorting moths caught in light traps

Summary of moths sorted and identified so far (26 November 2017).  

All were collected from rainforest or sclerophyll forest (open forest, in this case dominated by eucalypts:”sclerophyll” means “hard leaf”)

Full details can be downloaded here as a 70kb pdf: Moths-Results-26-November-2017

See below for a brief introduction to some of the families mentioned here *

Also scroll down for photos

Family Genus Species Open forest Rain-forest
Anthelidae Anthela excellans 1 0
Crambidae Palpita limbata 1 6
Crambidae Tetridia caletoralis 2 0
Crambidae Lygropia quarternalis 1 0
Crambidae Parotis suralis 2 1
Crambidae Merodictya marmorata 0 2
Crambidae     1 2
Crambidae Rehimena infundibulalis 0 3
Crambidae Maruca vittata 1 0
Crambidae Prooedema incisuralis 1 0
Crambidae Agrioglypta excelsalis 0 0
Erebidae Tigriodes alterna 4 2
Erebidae Hesychopa chionora 2 1
Erebidae Thallarcha catasticta 4 1
Erebidae Eilema plana 2 1
Erebidae Termessa conographa 6 2
Erebidae Termessa gratiosa 2 2
Erebidae Termessa congrua 4 0
Erebidae Amata aperta 7 4
Erebidae Grammodes justa 1 0
Erebidae Donuca orbigera 1 1
Erebidae Donuca rubropicta 11 11
Erebidae Pantydia metaspila 0 2
Erebidae Donuca castalia 2 0
Erebidae Parallelia solomonensis 1 0
Erebidae     0 3
Erebidae Laelia sp. 2 0
Erebidae 1 1
Geometridae Cleora sp. 2 (Moths of Victoria) 16 2
Geometridae Planolocha sp. 1 0
Geometridae Medasina strixaria 0 3
Geometridae Idiodes sp. 1 0
Geometridae Idiodes sp. 1 0
Geometridae Crypsiphona ocultaria 3 1
Geometridae Chlorocoma sp. 3 0
Geometridae Pingasa cinerea 0 1
Geometridae Hypobapta barnardi 1 0
Geometridae Argyrocosma argosticta 1 0
Geometridae Urolitha bipunctifera 0 1
Geometridae Sauris lichenias 7 0
Geometridae Epidesma chilonaria 2 2
Geometridae Nearcha ursaria 3 1
Geometridae Epidesma perfabricata 6 4
Geometridae Scopula   4 1
Geometridae     2 2
Lasiocampidae Cyclophragma cyclomela 1 1
Lasiocampidae Pinara metaphaea 1 0
Limacodidae Pseudanapaea transvestita 3 0
Noctuidae Zalissa catocalina 1 0
Nolidae Armactica columbina 1 0
Notodontidae Neola semiaurata 0 1
Notodontidae Sorama bicolor 1 3
Notodontidae Cascera muscosa 1 1
Notodontidae Omichlis hadromeres 0 2
Notodontidae Destomia lineata 5 0
Notodontidae Ochrogaster lunifer 53 23
Notodontidae Marane melanospila 1 0
Oecophoridae Eulechria ?tolmera 1 0
Oecophoridae Caroryctis subparallela 10 0
Oecophoridae Eulechria sp. 1 0
Oecophoridae Eulechria pyrosalis 2 0
Pyralidae Endotricha chionocosma 1 1
Pyralidae Endotricha ignealis 2 5

* Families of moths mentioned above:

  • Anthelidae: a family found only in Australia and New Guinea, with large caterpillars, often very hairy
  • Crambidae: grass moths, very variable, usually resting inconspicuously on grass stems
  • Erebidae: one of the largest families of moths, very variable
  • Geometridae: these include the famous “inch worms”, caterpillars that loop along as though they’re measuring a leaf.
  • Lasiocampidae: snout moths, rather large hairy moths with long mouthparts looking like long noses
  • Limacodidae: cup moths, the larvae are often beautiful to look at but have painful stinging hairs.
  • Noctuidae: include some pests of crops
  • Nolidae: caterpillars spin silk coccons
  • Notodontidae: a mostly tropical family, usually large moths with long wings,  caterpillars mostly smooth-bodied
  • Oecophoridae: concealer moths (some caterpillars living between folded leaves or hollow twigs), a large family with its highest diversity in Australia and often associated with eucalyptus forests
  •  Pyralidae: a large family of small moths, some of which are also known as ‘snout moths’ or ‘grass moths’ (some older classifications combine the Pyralidae and Crambidae)

 

Some of the moths found in October

More moths found in October

 

Moth larvae (Noctuidae?), near creek, sclerophyll forest,Thunderbird Park. Photo: Ronda Green

Moth larvae (Noctuidae?), near creek, sclerophyll forest,Thunderbird Park. Photo: Ronda Green